The main purpose of each Wing Chun school is to teach the martial art with an effective technique. Though it has various branches the main principles that all the instructors follow are the same. The system itself is a simple and complete form which, however develops and changes over time improving the existing one. The key concepts in the system are the same for all masters in spite of the personal interpretation of the masters to refine the form. It is more based on scientific and mathematical method so it has the shortest plan when compared to other martial arts. The policy in schools is straightforward: no politics and no magic. This style is a realistic and commonsensical form of art. It is more important what your approach to it is. What is the reason you learn it? It can be taught for self-defense, energy and health. The basic training in each level is focused paying attention to every detail. There are certain requirements before starting to train it, a special level of fitness so that students will correspond to the standards. The experienced and skillful masters are also essential part of the training. So each school offers its own possibilities and opportunities for students to learn. Based on the basic system different forms are differentiated in Wing Chun.
One of the earliest forms is the empty hand form which has the basics of all system hand attacks and protection methods. At first sight it may seem too easy and simple but the main meaning in Wing Chun is simplicity. Training Sil Lum Tao one masters the art of palm punch central lines how to block different positions, breaks and locks working with legs. The students appreciate the little steps they make and understand how it works. This form has all one need to completely grasp the main idea of the system. It is not hundred percent but it gives the basics. It concentrates more on hands, the upper part of the body. The slowly movements make it more interesting as you will have time to focus on your position and breathing, staying in balance.
Moving to the next form one make use of both arms instead of one. Chum Kiu is a form that alloys working with two hands at the same time. Next step is the practice of footwork. Students try to keep in balance while using both hands and kicks. So now the number of movements is increased taking place in a small area. In many fighting styles the distance is essential part but in this case in a close distance, a vital ability to develop Wing Chun.
The last hand form of Wing Chun is thrusting fingers. It is rather complicated one as for the use of this form one should make a perfect use of kicks, balance and timing. To exactly hit the pressure points students develop chi sao skill to keep the opponent under control. This is the main idea of the form. The movements are ending moves because they are used to finish the battle. But the fact is that lack of control can cause a serious damage to the opponent even without any intention. Along with footwork and arms it also involves elbow strikes. When students achieve the form fully they are like walking weapons. Those who train the same for hundreds times are more respectful than those who try hundreds of different things at the same time. Otherwise this form is called Biu Ji which allows the students completely engage into the world of Wing Chun.
In the next form one should practice against a huge piece of wood that is why it is sometimes called wooden dummy. Today most often they use metal instead of wood. To succeed in this form endless efforts are needed. It seems it is time to use force as the materials are heavier and one cannot handle them without force. But force is not used in Wing Chun so instead students practice attacks and when something gets in the way they have to change the technique. Continuously repeating the same thing over and over again gradually you can acquire speed and fluency. While using imaginative partner like wood one gains power and strength.
Another form is so called Wing Chun butterfly swords. Whether they use small swords or large knives is not of great importance. The truth is that the weapon that is used was traditionally used by monks, though they were not allowed to hurt someone. So they are not designed for stubbing. Monks could only protect themselves by parts of their body. The importance of usage of metal swords is essential as they are heavy. They strengthen the power of the hands and help to keep the balance. You learn to balance the hands and develop stale. The important fact is that it is adaptable and there can be several items easily substituted with the swords.
The six and half point pole has its name because of its number of the movements used in this form. Though various schools have different statements about the number, how long or how thick it is. Though some families have greater number of movements it is something historians should examine. However the basic in Wing Chun is simple technique. Dragon Pole is a long stick that allows hitting the opponent from the distance. It is similar to the use of swords as now you fight with two sticks. In fact they are very practical for the usage as they are lighter and easy to practice with. In fact this form includes only six techniques which are repeated in different directions all the time so it is simpler to learn than other forms which have more than hundred techniques.
It is hard to say which form is more useful. In fact all of them complete each other making the students to understand the system fully and make perfect use of this martial art.